Dr. Milan Janda


I’m interested in ecology and evolution of tropical biodiversity.

contact: [email protected]


Ph.D. Zoology, University of South Bohemia, Faculty of Science, Czech Republic.


Researcher CONACYT, Laboratorio Nacional de Análisis y Síntesis Ecológica, ENES, UNAM, 2016 – current.

Biology Center, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Ceske Budejovice, affiliated researcher, 2007- current.

Harvard University, Department of Organismic and Evolutionary Biology & Museum of Comparative Zoology, MA, USA, Fulbright Fellow 2009-2010 and Marie Curie Fellow 2010-2011.

New Guinea Binatang Research Center, Madang, Papua New Guinea, affiliated researcher.



Aguilar-Mendez, M., Rosas-Mejia, M., Vasquez-Bolanos, M., Gonzalez-Hernandez, G.A., Janda, M., (2021). New distributional records for ants and the evaluation of ant species richness and endemism patterns in Mexico. Biodiversity Data Journal. In press.

 Rosas-Mejía, M., Guénard, B., Aguilar-Méndez, M.J., Ghilardi, A., Vásquez-Bolaños, M., Economo, E.P., Janda, M., (2021). Alien ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in Mexico: the first database of records. Biological Invasions 2021/01/02. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10530-020-02423-1

 Booher DB, Gibson JC, Liu C, Longino JT, Fisher BL, Janda, M., Narula, N., Toulkeridou, E. Mikheyev A.S., Suarez, A.V., Economo, E.P., (2021). Functional innovation promotes diversification of form in the evolution of an ultrafast trap-jaw mechanism in ants. PLOS Biology 19(3): e3001031. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pbio.3001031


 Antoniazzi, R., Guevara, R., García‐Franco, J., Janda, M., Leponce, M. and Dáttilo, W. (2020), Environmental drivers of ant dominance in a tropical rainforest canopy at different spatial scales. Ecological Entomology, 46: 440-450. https://doi.org/10.1111/een.12988

Antoniazzi, R., García‐Franco, J., Janda, M., Leponce, M. and Dáttilo, W., (2020). Diurnal foraging ant–tree co‐occurrence networks are similar between canopy and understorey in a Neotropical rain forestBiotropica, pp.1-13. Doi:10.1111/btp.12773

Dáttilo, W., Vásquez‐Bolaños, M., Ahuatzin, D. A., Antoniazzi, R., Chávez‐González, E., Corro, E., Luna, P., Guevara, R., Villalobos, F., Madrigal‐Chavero, R., et al. (2019). Mexico ants: incidence and abundance along the Nearctic‐Neotropical interface. Ecology 101(4): e02944. Doi: 10.1002/ecy.2944


Janda, M., Rosas-Mejía, M., Corcuera, P., Aguilar-Méndez, M., Vázquez-Bolaños, M. and Tafoya-Alvarado, Y. (2019). Diversity and Community Structure of Ants in the Cuatro Ciénegas Basin, Coahuila, Mexico. In: F. Alvarez and M. Ojeda, ed., Animal Diversity and Biogeography of the Cuatro Ciénegas Basin. Springer 2019, pp.129-145. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-11262-2

Economo, E., Huang, J., Fischer, G., Sarnat, E., Narula, N., Janda, M., Guénard, B., Longino, J. and Knowles, L. (2019). Evolution of the latitudinal diversity gradient in the hyperdiverse ant genus Pheidole. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 28(4), pp.456-470. https://doi.org/10.1111/geb.12867


Matos-Maraví, P., Matzke, NJ., Larabee, FJ., Clouse, RM., Wheeler, WC., Sorger, DM., Suarez, AV., Janda, M. (2018) Taxon Cycle predictions supported by model-based inference in Indo-Pacific trap-jaw ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Odontomachus). Molecular Ecology, (In press).

Matos-Maravi, P., Clouse, R. M., Sarnat, E., Economo, E. P., LaPolla, J. S., Borovanska, M., Rabeling, C., Czekanski-Moir, J., Latumahina, F., Wilson E. O., Janda, M. (2018) An ant genus-group (Prenolepis) illuminates the biogeography and drivers of insect diversification in the Indo-Pacific. Molecular Phylogenetics and EvolutionVolume 123, June 2018, Pages 16-25.

Novais, S., Macedo-Reis, L., Cristobal-Peréz, E., Sánchez-Montoya, G., Janda, M., Neves, F. and Quesada, M. (2018). Positive effects of the catastrophic Hurricane Patricia on insect communities. Scientific Reports, 8(1), pp. 1-9. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-33210-7

Arnan X, Andersen AN, Gibb H, et al. (2018) Dominance–diversity relationships in ant communities differ with invasion. Global Change Biology 2018;00:1–12.

Normark, B.B., Normark, R.D., Vovides, A., Solís-Montero, L., González-Gómez, R., Pulido-Silva, M.T., Escobar-Castellanos, M.A., Domínguez, M., Pérez-Farrera, M.A., Janda, M. y A. Cibrian-Jaramillo. (2017). Cycad Aulacaspis Scale (Aulacaspis yasumatsui Takagi, 1977) in Mexico and Guatemala: a threat to native cycads. BioInvasions Records 6


Rosas-Mejía, M. y Janda, M. (2017). PNUD México (Programa de las Naciones Unidas para el desarrollo) Reporte con la revisión de cuatro especies de hormigas con potencial invasor en México: Linepithema humile, Nylanderia fulva, Solenopsis invicta y Pheidole megacephala. Informe entregado a la CONABIO y al PNUD en el marco del proyecto GEF 083999 “Aumentar las Capacidades Nacionales para el Manejo de las Especies Exóticas Invasoras (EEI) a través de la Implementación de la Estrategia Nacional de EEI”.

Chomicki G., Janda M., Renner S. (2017) The assembly of ant-farmed gardens: mutualism specialization following host broadening. Proceedings of the Royal Society B – Biological Sciences 284 : article number 20161759.
DOI: 10.1098/rspb.2016.1759

Economo, E. P., Janda M., Guneard, B., Sarnat, E. (2017) Assembling a species-area curve through colonization, speciation, and human-mediated introduction. Journal of Biogeography 44 : 1088–1097.
DOI: 10.1111/jbi.12884

Gibb H., et al., Fayle T. M., et al., Janda M., et al., Klimeš P., et al., Moses J., et al., Parr C. L. (2017) A global database of ant species abundances. Ecology 98 : 883-884.
DOI: 10.1002/ecy.1682

Sharma P., Oberski J.T., Santiago M.A., Kriebel R., Lipps S., Buenavente P., Diesmos A., Janda M., Boyer S., Clouse R. M., Wheeler W. C. (2017) There is no evidence that Podoctidae carry eggs of their own species: Reply to Machado and Wolff (2017). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution in press.
DOI: 10.1016/j.ympev.2017.03.026

Sharma P., Santiago, M., Kriebel R., Lipps S., Buenavente P., Diesmos A., Janda M., Boyer S., Clouse R. M., Wheeler W. C. (2017) A multilocus phylogeny of Podoctidae (Arachnida, Opiliones, Laniatores) and parametric shape analysis reveal the disutility of subfamilial nomenclature in armored harvestman systematics. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 106 : 164-173.
DOI: 10.1016/j.ympev.2016.09.019


Clouse, R. M., Blanchard, B., Gibson, R., Wheeler, W. C., Janda, M. (2016). Camponotus maculatus-like carpenter ants in Micronesia (Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Formicinae). Myrmecological News. 23: 139-152, 2016.

Larabee, F.J.  Fisher, B.F., Matos-Maravi, P., Janda, M., Suarez, A.V. (2016). Molecular phylogenetics and diversification of trap-jaw ants in the genera Anochetus and Odontomachus (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 103, 2016.

Zima, J. Jr., Lebrasseur, O., Borovanska, M., Janda, M. (2016). Development of microsatellite markers for a world-wide distributed, highly invasive ant species Tapinoma melanocephalum (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). European Journal of Entomology, 113: 409–414, 2016.

Janda, M., Borovanska M., Zima, J., Youngerman, E., Matos Maravi, P., Pierce, N. (2016). Phylogeny and population genetic structure of ant genus Acropyga (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in Papua New Guinea. Invertebrate Systematics, 2016, 30, 28–4.


Economo, E.P., Sarnat, E.M., Janda, M., Clouse, R., Klimov, P., Fischer, G., Blanchard, B.D., Ramirez, L.N., Andersen, A., Berman, M., Guénard, B., Lucky, A., Rabeling, C., Wilson, E.O., Knowles, L.L. (2015). Breaking out of biogeographic modules: range expansion and taxon cycles in Indo-Pacific Pheidole. Journal of Biogeography. doi: 10.1111/jbi.12592

Tafoya Alavarado, Y., Janda, M., (2015). Estudio de genética de poblaciones, fylogenética y estructura social de hormigas (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) en diferentes regiones de México. Avances de Formicidae de México. Centro de Estudios en Zoología, Departamento de Botánica y Zoología, CUCBA, Universidad de Guadalajara.

Latumahina, F., Borovanska, M., Susetya Putra, N., Janda, M. (2015). Ants of Ambon Island – diversity survey and checklist.  Zookeys, 472 (19 Jan 2015), 43-57.

Clouse, R., Janda, M., Blanchard, B., Sharma, P., Hoffman, B., Andersen, A., Czekanski-Moir, J., Krushelnicky, P., Rabeling, C., Wilson, E.O., Economo, E., Sarnat, E., Alpert, G., General, D., Wheeler, W. (2015) Molecular phylogeny of an Indo-Pacific carpenter ant (Hymenoptera : Formicidae, Camponotus) reveals waves of dispersal and colonization from diverse sources. Cladistics, 31 (4), 424-437.


Smith, M. A., Bertrand, C., Crosby, K., Eveleigh, E. S., Fernandez-Triana, J., Fisher, B. L., Gibbs, J., Hajibabaei, M., Hallwachs, W., Hind, K., Hrček, J., Huang, D.-W., Janda, M., Janzen, D. H., Li Y., Miller, S. E., Packer, L., Quicke, D., Ratnasingham, S.,…. Zhou, X. (2012). Wolbachia and DNA barcoding Insects: Patterns, potential, and problems. PloS ONE, 7: e36514.DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0036514

Klimes, P., Idigel, C., Rimandai, M., Fayle, T.M., Janda, M., Weiblen, G.D. and Novotný, V. (2012). Why are there more arboreal ant species in primary than in secondary tropical forests? Journal of Animal Ecology, 81: 1103-1112.


Janda, M. and Konecna, M. (2011). Canopy assemblages of ants in a New Guinea rain forest. Journal of Tropical Ecology, 27: 83-91.

Klimes, P., Janda, M., Ibalim, S., Kua, J. and Novotný, V. (2011). Experimental suppression of ants foraging on rainforest vegetation in New Guinea: testing methods for a whole-forest manipulation of insect communities. Ecological Entomology, 36: 94-103.

Machac, A., Janda, M., Dunn, R. R. and N. J. Sanders (2011). Elevational gradients in phylogenetic structure of ant assemblages reveal the interplay of biotic and abiotic constraints on diversity. Ecography, 10.1111/j.1600-0587.2010.06629.x


Weiser, M.D., Sanders, N.J., Agosti, D. M. Janda., et al. (2010). Canopy and litter ant assemblages share similar climate-species density relationships. Biology Letters, 6(6): 769-772.


Hlavac, P., Janda, M. (2009). New genus of Lomechusini (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae, Aleocharinae) from Papua New Guinea associated with Leptogenys Roger. Zootaxa, 2009.

Dunn, R.R., N.J. Sanders, M. Janda, et al. (2009). Climatic Drivers of Hemispheric Asymmetry in Global Patterns of Ant Species Richness. Ecology Letters, 12: 323-333.

Shattuck, S., Janda, M. A new species of the Camponotus aureopilus species-group (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) from Papua New Guinea. (2009). Myrmecological News, 12: 251-253.


Janda, M. (2007). Ecology and natural history of Melanesian ants. Ph.D. Thesis, Univ. of South Bohemia. Faculty of Science. České Budějovice, Czech Republic, 124 pp.

Dunn, R.R., Sanders N.J., Fitzpatrick M.C., Laurent E, Lessard J.P., Janda M. et al. (2007). Global ant (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) biodiversity and biogeography – a new database and its possibilities. – Myrmecological News,10: 77-83.

Janda, M., Klimes, P. & Borowiec, M.L. (2007). Ecology of New Guinea ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) – exploring an unknown fauna. – Myrmecological News, 10: 109.

Novotny, V., S. E. Miller, J. Hulcr, R. A. I. Drew, Y. Basset, M. Janda, G. P. Setliff, K.Darrow, A. J. Stewart, J. Auga, B. Isua, K. Molem, M. Manumbor, E. Tamtiai, M. Mogia, and G. D. Weiblen. (2007). Low beta diversity of herbivorous insects in tropical forests. Nature, 448:692-695.


Novotny, V., Drozd, P., Miller, S. E., Kulfan, M., Janda, M., Basset, Y., Weiblen, G. D. (2006). Why are there so many species of herbivorous insects in tropical rainforests? Science, 313:1115-1118.


Novotny, V., Miller, S. E., Leps, J., Bito, D., Janda, M., Hulcr, J., Basset, Y., Damas &  K. Weiblen, G. D. (2004). No tree an island: the plant-caterpillar food web of secondary rainforest in New Guinea. Ecology Letters, 7: 1090-1100.

Janda, M., Folkova, D., Zrzavy, J. (2004). Phylogeny of Lasius ants based on mitochondrial DNA and morphology, and the evolution of social parasitism in the Lasiini (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 33 (3): 595-614.


Novotny, V., Miller, S.E., Cizek, L., Leps, J., Janda, M., Basset, Y., Weiblen, G.D., Darrow, K. (2003). Colonising aliens: caterpillars (Lepidoptera) feeding on Piper aduncum and P. umbellatum in rainforests of Papua New Guinea. Ecological Entomology, 28, 704–716.

Grants & Fellowships

Ants of Bougainville Island, a Biodiversity Frontier. National Geographic Society, 2019-20

Ecology and evolution of ants along environmental gradients: an integrative approach. CONACYT, Mexico, 2018-2021

Reconstrucciones comparativas de la historia ecológica – integrando la genética, la biogeografía y los datos ambientales de las hormigas. UNAM PAPIIT, 2018-2020

Molecular-genetic approaches in biodiversity research. CONACYT-Czech Academy of Sciences Exchange program, 2014-2015

Evolutionary determinants of ant distribution in tropical habitats. Czech Science Foundation, 2012-2015

Ecology and evolution of ant communities in tropical ecosystems. Marie Curie IOF, 2010-2013

Diversity of ants in New Guinea savannah. Putnam Exploration Grant, Harvard University 2010

Ecology and systematics of New Guinea ants – exploring the unknown fauna. Grant Agency of the
Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, 2007-2009

Diversity patterns and phylogeography of New Guinea ants. Fulbright Fellowship, 2009-2010
Harvard University, Museum of Comparative Zoology, Cambridge, USA


Systematic Biology, ENES Morelia, UNAM

Biodiversity – Invertebrate Zoology, ENES Morelia, UNAM

Field Ecology, ENES Morelia, UNAM

Evolution, ENES Morelia, UNAM

Ecology, Evolution and Biodiversity, Macroecology, University of Guanajuato

Ecology and Evolutionary biology –Langebio, Cinvestav, Irapuato

Biology of Social Insects –Faculty of Science, Univ. South Bohemia and Faculty of Science, Charles Univ. Prague

Invertebrate Zoology, Faculty of Science, Univ. South Bohemia